Roses are some of the most popular and colorful shrubs grown in gardens. Their universal appeal comes from the many varieties, sizes, and colors available. From traditional red, pink, or white -- to the more unusual lilac, yellow and even orange -- there are many different rose varieties to choose from that can be well suited to almost any landscape. Before choosing a rose, decide which type is right for your garden.
Hybrid Tea: Classic rose flower shape with long stems on a vase-shaped shrub.
Hybrid tea roses form medium to tall bushes. The large, refined flowers are typically one to a stem, and bloom continuously throughout the season when dead-headed. They are selectively bred for long stems, making them ideal for cut flowers. Their flowers are well formed with large, high-centered buds, supported by strong, upright stems. The blooms grow 3-5” wide.
Floribunda: Low maintenance, hardy and disease resistant with prolific, showy and fragrant blooms.
Floribunda are a cross between polyantha species roses and hybrid tea roses, combining hardiness, free-flowering, and showy, usually fragrant, blooms. They are more compact plants which look nice in groupings and are suitable for smaller gardens or mixed flower beds.
Typical floribundas are stiff shrubs; smaller and bushier than the average hybrid tea, but less dense and sprawling than the average polyantha. Floribundas are found in most of the same colors as hybrid teas, and often with the classic hybrid tea-shaped blossom. Sizes of these hardy roses vary from compact and low-growing to a more open habit and heights of 5’-6’, ideal for tall hedges.
English/Austin: Densely petaled, richly fragrant traditional roses, great choice for a cut flower garden.
When combining beautiful, densely-petaled, richly fragrant “old roses” with modern roses, the result is an attractive, romantic plant with improved disease resistance and a much longer blooming period. English roses are a good choice for cutting gardens; their full, intensely-perfumed flowers make fragrant bouquets.
Grandiflora: Tall, hardy and disease-resistant shrubs well suited for hedges and flower border backgrounds.
Grandiflora roses combine the best traits of hybrid teas and floribundas. They are a subclass of hybrid tea roses, with an upright growth habit and large blossoms. Flowers appear in clusters of three to five like a floribunda, and bloom continuously throughout the season.
Climbers: Naturally long, pliable canes suitable for training on a support.
Climbing roses grow anywhere from 8’-20’ in height and bloom continuously throughout the season. It is best to train them onto a support such as a trellis when they are young, then prune them to keep them from overgrowing the trellis.
Miniatures: Compact form, well suited to containers, prolific blooms and cold hardiness.
Miniature rose bushes with their compact growth habit and small flowers are great for containers. Blooms are available in all the hybrid tea colors. Many varieties also emulate the classic high-centered flower shape of a hybrid tea variety. Miniature roses are often marketed and sold by the floral industry as houseplants. However, it is important to remember that these plants are largely descended from outdoor shrubs native to temperate regions, so most varieties require an annual period of cold dormancy to survive.
Groundcover: Very low maintenance, long bloom season and disease resistant.
Groundcover roses offer a variety of colors, form and fragrance, and require little care. To reinvigorate groundcover roses each year, cut back the plants by two-thirds while they are still dormant in early spring.
Looking for an economical way to purchase your rose garden? Buy during bareroot season. During winter months, the roses are dormant, the plants have been pruned, and are placed in plantable pots for easy planting. Take a look at our 2017-2018 bareroot varieites. Check with stores for current availability, as some varieties are delayed.
As the season moves toward warmer months, roses come leafed out, and in larger plantable peat pots. Finally, in late spring and early summer, full rose bushes, with buds and blooms, arrive in plastic cans.